3 New Studies Show What Reduces Nausea & Vomiting during Pregnancy
Positive Trends for Hypnosis
Researchers from the Royal Jubilee Maternity Hospital and The Queen's University of Belfast, Northern Ireland, conducted a literature review of studies in the efficacy of hypnosis for the treatment of severe, pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting (hyperemesis gravidarum).
They searched databases from Cochrane, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, and Web of Knowledge databases. A total of 45 studies were identified, and, of those, six fulfilled the inclusion criteria.
Studies were reviewed for study design, methodological quality, intervention and outcomes. Methodology between the studies differed but all reported encouraging positive outcomes.
However, the quality of current evidence is not sufficient to establish hypnosis as a definitively effective treatment. In order to accurately assess the efficacy of hypnosis for HG, the investigators recommend that well-designed studies, e.g. randomized control trials, be carried out.
A Shout Out for Hypnosis, Acupuncture & Nutritional Supplements
Hyperemesis gravidarum, or pernicious vomiting of pregnancy, is a complication of pregnancy that affects various areas of the woman's health, including homeostasis, electrolytes, and kidney function, and may have adverse fetal consequences.
A review of recent research now provides additional guidelines for protection against and relief from hyperemesis gravidarum.
Alterations to maternal diet and lifestyle can have protective effects.
Medicinal methods of prevention and treatment include nutritional supplements and alternative methods, such as hypnosis and acupuncture, as well as pharmacotherapy.
Citation: Wegrzyniak LJ, Repke JT, Ural SH. Treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum. Reviews in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2012;5 (2):pages 78-84.
Significant Results for Acupressure on Acupoint KID 21
Investigators from Tarbiat Modares University in Tehran, Iran, studied the efficacy of acupressure (on the KID21 point) on pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting, a common complaint in 50%-80% of pregnant women
The single blind clinical trial was performed on 80 women with nausea and vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Women were randomly divided into two groups – the experimental group undergoing acupressure on the KID21 point, and the placebo controls with pressure on a sham acupoint, each for 20 minutes per day, for four consecutive days.
The intensity of nausea was assessed by a visual Analogue scale (VAS) and vomiting frequency was recorded during the four days.
The intensity of nausea and vomiting between the two groups on the fourth day was significant (P<0.001).
The investigators conclude that acupressure on the KID21 point is significantly more effective than sham acupressure for reducing nausea and vomiting in pregnancy.
Citation: NNaeimi Rad M, Lamyian M, Heshmat R, Jaafarabadi MA, Yazdani S. A Randomized Clinical Trial of the Efficacy of KID21 Point (Youmen) Acupressure on Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2012 Nov;14 (11): pages 697-701.