Researchers from the Department of Clinical Neurosciences at St Vincent's Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, examined the efficacy of CAM (complementary and alternative) therapies, including mind-body techniques, acupuncture and physical treatments for tension type headaches.
The investigators noted that while pharmacotherapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) and tricyclic antidepressants comprise the traditional treatment of tension-type headaches (TTH), the use of other therapeutic approaches, in combination with medications, can increase the success of treatment.
The assumption was that especially patients with comorbid mood disorders and frequent headaches might benefit from some of these nonpharmacologic approaches.
I'm feeling anxious about the economy, worrying about losing my job, my health insurance, etc. etc. I don't want to dwell on this, as I believe that my thoughts could manifest the very events I'm worrying about.
Any tools, affirmations, guided imagery to help with this?
I’m so glad you asked this in the way that you did. It gives me a chance to hopefully offer some reassurance and at the same time, rant and carry on about one of my favorite pet peeves.
First off, let me say that I’m sorry you’re faced with these very real concerns. These are dicey times and no way am I minimizing this aspect of your question. A lot of really good, capable people are in this worrisome situation with you.
Researchers from Brainclinics Diagnostics in Nijmegen, The Netherlands, conducted a meta-analysis of the efficacy of neurofeedback on ADHD.
Both prospective controlled studies and studies employing a pre- and post-design found large effect sizes for neurofeedback on impulsivity and inattention and a medium impact on hyperactivity.
Randomized studies demonstrated a lower effect size for hyperactivity, suggesting that hyperactivity is probably more sensitive to nonspecific treatment factors.
Researchers from the University of Washington in Seattle randomly assigned 37 adults with spinal-cord injury and chronic pain to receive 10 sessions of self-hypnosis (HYP) or EMG biofeedback relaxation (BIO) training for pain management. Participants in both treatment conditions reported substantial, but similar, decreases in pain intensity from before to after the treatment sessions.
Researchers from the Department of Psychiatry at Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School reviewed the evidence on the efficacy of biofeedback for the two most prevalent headache conditions--migraine and tension-type headache.
Two recently published meta-analyses yielded data from 150 outcome studies - randomized controlled trials as well as uncontrolled quasi-experimental designs. Of these, 94 studies were selected for inclusion, going by predefined criteria. Meta-analytic integrations were carried out separately for the two conditions of interest.
A review and meta-analysis of studies investigating the effects of biofeedback on tension headaches was undertaken by researchers at Philipps-University of Marburg in Marburg, Germany.
A literature search identified 74 outcome studies, of which 53 were selected according to predefined inclusion criteria. Meta-analytic integration resulted in a significant medium-to-large effect size (d = 0.73; 95% confidence interval = 0.61, 0.84) that proved stable over an average follow-up phase of 15 months.
Biofeedback was found to be more effective than headache monitoring, placebo, and relaxation therapy conditions. The strongest improvements resulted for frequency of headache episodes. Further significant effects were observed for muscle tension, self-efficacy, symptoms of anxiety, depression, and analgesic medication.
Most effective of all was biofeedback in combination with relaxation. Effects were particularly large in children and adolescents. The review concluded that biofeedback constitutes an effective, evidence-based treatment option for tension-type headache.Citation: Nestoriuc Y, Rief W, Martin A. Meta-analysis of biofeedback for tension-type headache: efficacy, specificity, and treatment moderators. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology. 2008 Jun; 76 (3): pages 379-96. [email protected]
Reviewers from the University of Virginia conclude that thermal biofeedback can improve peripheral circulation, pain, neuropathy, ulcer healing, ambulatory activity, and quality of life in people with diabetes mellitus with impaired blood flow to the limbs.
Researchers from The Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies at The University of Virginia Health System in Charlottesville reviewed studies of thermal biofeedback as an intervention designed to help people with diabetes mellitus with the impaired peripheral blood flow that often occurs with this condition, causing complications, lower-extremity pain, reduced functional status, and impaired quality of life.
A new meta-analysis and review of the research literature on EEG biofeedback’s effect on the symptoms of ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) shows that this method has been helpful in 75% of the cases.
Analysts from the FPI Attention Disorders Clinic in Endicott, New York published a meta-analysis and review of the literature to see if EEG biofeedback can help reduce core symptoms of ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder). During the past three decades, a series of case and controlled group studies examining the effects of EEG biofeedback have reported improved attention and behavioral control, increased cortical activation on quantitative electro-encephalographic examination, and gains on tests of intelligence and academic achievement in response to this type of treatment.
Researchers from The University of Washington find that heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback, plus walking with pulse oximetry feedback, improves functioning and quality of life for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Researchers from The Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at The University of Washington, Seattle examined whether heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback and walking with pulse oximetry feedback could improve functioning and quality of life for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Twenty patients with COPD participated in 5 weekly sessions of HRV biofeedback and 4 weekly sessions of walking practice with oximetry feedback, with instructions for daily home practice.
In a randomized, controlled clinical trial with 94 asthma sufferers at the University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey, biofeedback was found to be an effective, complementary therapy for asthma symptoms..
In a randomized, controlled, clinical trial, researchers from the Department of Psychiatry at the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, atThe University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey in Piscataway, evaluated the effectiveness of heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback as a complementary treatment for asthma.