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Diabetes Research

  1. A Significant Connection between Mindfulness and Binge Eating

    A Significant Connection between Mindfulness and Binge Eating

    Researchers from Colorado State University and the National Institutes of Health examined the relationship between dispositional mindfulness to binge eating and associated eating attitudes and behaviors among adolescent girls at risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D).

    One hundred fourteen overweight or obese girls with a family history of T2D and mild depressive symptoms were enrolled in the study.

    The researchers collected adolescent self-reports of mindfulness, eating in the absence of hunger, and depressive symptoms. They also interviewed them to determine presence of binge eating episodes, and used a behavioral task to assess the reinforcing value of food vs. other non-snack food rewards. They also assessed body composition through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

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  2. Guided Imagery Improves Type 1 Diabetes Glycemic Control

    Guided Imagery Improves Type 1 Diabetes Glycemic Control

    Israeli researchers from Assaf Harofeh Medical Center and the Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University studied the impact of listening to guided imagery (AGI or auditory guided imagery) on glucose levels, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and quality of life (QOL) in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

    The blinded, randomized controlled pilot study compared the effect of listening to guided imagery accompanied by background music vs. listening to the background music alone.

    Thirteen children, ages 7-16 years old, were connected to a continuous glucose monitoring system for 5 days (short phase), after which the change in mean interstitial glucose concentration (IGC) was assessed as the outcome measure.

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  3. Yoga Improves Dyslipidemia in People with Type 2 Diabetes

    Gulf Medical University in Ajman, United Arab Emirates, and Medical College Trivandrum in Kerala, India, assessed the efficacy of yoga in managing dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes.

    Patients (n=100) were randomly assigned to either a yoga group or a control group.  The yoga subjects practiced one hr/day for three months, while receiving oral hypoglycemic medication.

    The controls received medication only (treatment as usual).

    Lipid profiles of both groups were compared at the start and at the end of the three months.

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  4. Targeting Diabetes and Depression with Telephone-Delivered CBT

    Researchers at the Ann Arbor V.A. Healthcare System in Flint, Michigan evaluated the impact of telephone-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) targeting diabetic patients' management of depressive symptoms, physical activity levels, and diabetes-related outcomes.  Concern about the need for between-visit support in this population was what generated this study.  

    Two hundred ninety-one patients with type 2 diabetes and significant depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory scores ≥ 14) were recruited from community-based, university-based, and Veterans Affairs health care systems.

    A manualized telephone CBT program was delivered weekly by nurses for 12 weeks, followed by 9 monthly booster sessions. Sessions initially focused exclusively on patients' depression management and then added a pedometer-based walking program.

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  5. Mindfulness for Type 2 Diabetes Delivers Prolonged Reduction in Psychosocial Distress

    Researchers from the University of Heidelberg in Germany examined the long term impact of a mindfulness based intervention (MBSR) on patients with type 2 diabetes over 5 years, as compared with treatment as usual.  Psychosocial distress (depression, stress), progression of nephropathy and subjective health status were measured. This article presents data up to the first year of follow-up.

    Patients with type 2 diabetes and micro-albuminuria were randomized to a mindfulness-based intervention (n = 53) or a treatment-as-usual control condition (n = 57).

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  6. Interactive Guided Imagery Shows Promise for Reducing Obesity & Hypercortisolism

    Researchers from the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles conducted a 4-week pilot study to determine whether Interactive Guided Imagery could be effective for stress reduction (and therefore reduce the metabolic disease risk associated with obesity and hypercortisolism) in overweight Latino adolescents.

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  7. Brief Yoga Program Benefits Cholesterol, Triglicerides

    Researchers from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi examined the short-term impact of a brief yoga intervention on some of the biochemical risk indicators for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus.

    Ninety-eight subjects (67 male, 31 female), ages 20-74, with hypertension, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, and a variety of other illnesses, participated in a lifestyle training program that consisted of yoga asanas (postures), pranayama (breathing exercises), relaxation techniques, group support, individualized advice, lectures and films on the philosophy of yoga and the place of yoga in daily life, meditation, stress management, nutrition, and knowledge about their disease.

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  8. Effects of occupational stress on immunological function, glucose and blood lipid of female workers

    A study out of Xinjiang Medical University in China shows that occupational stress increases blood sugar in a group of female oil field workers, but not cholesterol.

    Researchers from the Department of Occupational Health at Xinjiang Medical University in China studied the effects of occupational stress on immunological function, glucose, and blood lipid levels of female workers.

    Occupational role, personal strain, and personal abilities were assessed in 900 female workers working in an oil-field setting (the observation group) and in 220 female workers in other occupational settings (controls).

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  9. Biofeedback-assisted relaxation in type 2 diabetes.

    Once again a pilot study shows that self-regulation techniques - this time biofeedback and relaxation - are effective at reducing blood glucose levels and HbA1c in people with Type 2 Diabetes.

    Researchers at the Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Ohio in Toledo conducted randomized, controlled clinical trials to determine the effects of biofeedback and relaxation on blood glucose and HbA1c (A1C) in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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  10. Hypoglycemic effect of sitting breathing meditation exercise on type 2 diabetes.

    Two Meditation Sessions Reduce Postprandial Glucose in People with Diabetes

    Fifty-five subjects with Type 2 Diabetes derive significant benefit (glucose, blood pressure) from 2 sessions of simple sitting-breathing meditation.

    Researchers from the Division of Preventive and Social Medicine at Pranangklao General Hospital in Nonthaburi, Thailand evaluated the hypoglycemic effect of a Sitting-Breathing Meditation protocol ("Somporn Kantaradusdi-Triamchaisri Technique 1" or "SKT1") on Type 2 diabetic patients.

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