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Diabetes Research

  1. A Significant Connection between Mindfulness and Binge Eating

    A Significant Connection between Mindfulness and Binge Eating

    Researchers from Colorado State University and the National Institutes of Health examined the relationship between dispositional mindfulness to binge eating and associated eating attitudes and behaviors among adolescent girls at risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D).

    One hundred fourteen overweight or obese girls with a family history of T2D and mild depressive symptoms were enrolled in the study.

    The researchers collected adolescent self-reports of mindfulness, eating in the absence of hunger, and depressive symptoms. They also interviewed them to determine presence of binge eating episodes, and used a behavioral task to assess the reinforcing value of food vs. other non-snack food rewards. They also assessed body composition through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

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  2. Guided Imagery Improves Type 1 Diabetes Glycemic Control

    Guided Imagery Improves Type 1 Diabetes Glycemic Control

    Israeli researchers from Assaf Harofeh Medical Center and the Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University studied the impact of listening to guided imagery (AGI or auditory guided imagery) on glucose levels, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and quality of life (QOL) in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

    The blinded, randomized controlled pilot study compared the effect of listening to guided imagery accompanied by background music vs. listening to the background music alone.

    Thirteen children, ages 7-16 years old, were connected to a continuous glucose monitoring system for 5 days (short phase), after which the change in mean interstitial glucose concentration (IGC) was assessed as the outcome measure.

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  3. Yoga Improves Dyslipidemia in People with Type 2 Diabetes

    Gulf Medical University in Ajman, United Arab Emirates, and Medical College Trivandrum in Kerala, India, assessed the efficacy of yoga in managing dyslipidemia in patients with type 2 diabetes.

    Patients (n=100) were randomly assigned to either a yoga group or a control group.  The yoga subjects practiced one hr/day for three months, while receiving oral hypoglycemic medication.

    The controls received medication only (treatment as usual).

    Lipid profiles of both groups were compared at the start and at the end of the three months.

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  4. Targeting Diabetes and Depression with Telephone-Delivered CBT

    Researchers at the Ann Arbor V.A. Healthcare System in Flint, Michigan evaluated the impact of telephone-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) targeting diabetic patients' management of depressive symptoms, physical activity levels, and diabetes-related outcomes.  Concern about the need for between-visit support in this population was what generated this study.  

    Two hundred ninety-one patients with type 2 diabetes and significant depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory scores ≥ 14) were recruited from community-based, university-based, and Veterans Affairs health care systems.

    A manualized telephone CBT program was delivered weekly by nurses for 12 weeks, followed by 9 monthly booster sessions. Sessions initially focused exclusively on patients' depression management and then added a pedometer-based walking program.

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  5. Mindfulness for Type 2 Diabetes Delivers Prolonged Reduction in Psychosocial Distress

    Researchers from the University of Heidelberg in Germany examined the long term impact of a mindfulness based intervention (MBSR) on patients with type 2 diabetes over 5 years, as compared with treatment as usual.  Psychosocial distress (depression, stress), progression of nephropathy and subjective health status were measured. This article presents data up to the first year of follow-up.

    Patients with type 2 diabetes and micro-albuminuria were randomized to a mindfulness-based intervention (n = 53) or a treatment-as-usual control condition (n = 57).

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  6. Interactive Guided Imagery Shows Promise for Reducing Obesity & Hypercortisolism

    Researchers from the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles conducted a 4-week pilot study to determine whether Interactive Guided Imagery could be effective for stress reduction (and therefore reduce the metabolic disease risk associated with obesity and hypercortisolism) in overweight Latino adolescents.

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  7. Brief Yoga Program Benefits Cholesterol, Triglicerides

    Researchers from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi examined the short-term impact of a brief yoga intervention on some of the biochemical risk indicators for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus.

    Ninety-eight subjects (67 male, 31 female), ages 20-74, with hypertension, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, and a variety of other illnesses, participated in a lifestyle training program that consisted of yoga asanas (postures), pranayama (breathing exercises), relaxation techniques, group support, individualized advice, lectures and films on the philosophy of yoga and the place of yoga in daily life, meditation, stress management, nutrition, and knowledge about their disease.

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  8. Current Mind-body interventions for vascular complications of diabetes.

    Reviewers from the University of Virginia conclude that thermal biofeedback can improve peripheral circulation, pain, neuropathy, ulcer healing, ambulatory activity, and quality of life in people with diabetes mellitus with impaired blood flow to the limbs.

    Researchers from The Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies at The University of Virginia Health System in Charlottesville reviewed studies of thermal biofeedback as an intervention designed to help people with diabetes mellitus with the impaired peripheral blood flow that often occurs with this condition, causing complications, lower-extremity pain, reduced functional status, and impaired quality of life.

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  9. Guided imagery helps elderly patients to remember to take their medications.

    A new study from the National Institute on Aging finds that guided imagery helps elderly patients to remember to take their medicine. Researchers Linda Liu, Ph.D., of the University of Michigan, and Denise Park, Ph.D., of the University of Illinois found that older adults who spent a few minutes imagining and picturing how they would test their blood sugar were 50 percent more likely to actually do these tests on a regular basis than those who used other memory techniques requiring far more conscious effort.

    Thirty-one non-diabetic elderly volunteers were taught to do home blood glucose tests. The participants, ages 60 to 81, were randomly assigned to one of three groups and told to monitor their blood sugar levels four specific times daily. They were not allowed to use timers, alarms or other devices.
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  10. The effects of biofeedback-assisted relaxation on people with Type I, insulin-dependent diabetes.

    Angela McGrady at The Medical College of Ohio studied the effects of biofeedback-assisted relaxation on a small sample of people with Type I, insulin-dependent diabetes, and found the intervention extremely promising. Significantly more members of the imagery group reduced their blood glucose by 10% after one month, and some decreased insulin intake. Anxiety and especially depression appeared to interfere with a positive outcome. (As reported in Alternative Health practitioner: The Journal of Complementary and Natural Care, Vol 3, no 3, Fall/Winter 1997.)

    Citation: As reported in Alternative Health practitioner: The Journal of Complementary and Natural Care, Vol 3, no 3, Fall/Winter 1997.
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