Electroencephalographic biofeedback in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
A new meta-analysis and review of the research literature on EEG biofeedback’s effect on the symptoms of ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) shows that this method has been helpful in 75% of the cases.
Analysts from the FPI Attention Disorders Clinic in Endicott, New York published a meta-analysis and review of the literature to see if EEG biofeedback can help reduce core symptoms of ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder). During the past three decades, a series of case and controlled group studies examining the effects of EEG biofeedback have reported improved attention and behavioral control, increased cortical activation on quantitative electro-encephalographic examination, and gains on tests of intelligence and academic achievement in response to this type of treatment.This review paper critically examines the empirical evidence, applying the efficacy guidelines jointly established by the Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback (AAPB) and the International Society for Neuronal Regulation (ISNR). On the basis of these scientific principles, EEG biofeedback was determined to be "probably efficacious" for the treatment of ADHD.
Although significant clinical improvement was reported in approximately 75% of the patients in each of the published research studies, additional randomized, controlled group studies are needed in order to provide a better estimate of the percentage of patients with ADHD who will demonstrate such gains in clinical practice.
Citation: Monastra VJ, Lynn S, Linden M, Lubar JF, Gruzelier J, LaVaque TJ. Electroencephalographic biofeedback in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback. 2005 Jun;30 (2): pages 95-114. [email protected]